BELOW YOU WILL FIND STORIES OF EVENTS IN AUDREY'S LIFE
THE 1936 KENTUCKY DERBY.......Audrey placed a losing bet on a Derby
that had a number of firsts.
THE DEATH OF KING GEORGE V.....Audrey listened to his funeral and cried
TELEVISION'S 1st BROADCAST.....First pictures are transmitted
SUMMER OF '36......The hottest summer on record
THE WAMPAS BABIES of 1932.....Audrey's friend Lillian could have been one
Bold Venture (foaled in 1933), an American Thoroughbred racehorse, was sired by the multiple British stakes winner, St. Germans, who, after his importation to stand at Greentree Stud in Lexington, Ky., became the leading sire of 1931 when his son Twenty Grand won the Kentucky Derby and Belmont Stakes. St. Germans own sire, Swynford, also a stakes winner, was a top British stallion whose other sons included English Derby winner Sansovino, English Derby second St. Germans, Challenger (also imported to the United States, where he sired American Horse of the Year Challedon), Lancegaye (imported to the U.S. and sire of Kentucky Derby winner Cavalcade), and Blandford, a leading sire in Europe and the sire of four English Derby winners. Bold Venture's dam, Possible, was by Ultimus, a son of the two-time American Horse of the Year Commando (1900/1901), by the "Black Whirlwind" Domino.
Bold Venture, trained by the Hall of Fame conditioner, Max Hirsch, was entered in the 1936 Kentucky Derby without achieving a single stakes win and his rider was an 18 year old apprentice jockey named Ira "Babe"
That year, Brevity, owned by Joseph E. Widener of Elmendorf Farm, was the favorite. Brevity had won the Florida Derby and had equaled the world record for 1 1/8 miles. Indian Broom (Audrey’s pick for the race), owned by Austin C. Taylor, was second favorite after lowering Brevity's record in the Marchbank Handicap.
As soon as the gates flew open, Brevity was knocked to his knees and the horse who would go on to win that year's American Horse of the Year award, Granville, threw his rider James Stout. Indian Broom (Note: Finished 3rd and paid $3.80) was trapped in a scrum of racing horses. Bold Venture was in no better position. On the way out of the gate, another horse slammed into him, which was like, as
The win did little for Bold Venture's reputation, considering the terrible mess at the start of the race. Two weeks later Bold Venture, entered in the Preakness Stakes and ridden by the great jockey George Woolf, had a second bad start, but still won…this time a nose in front of Granville.
Even in the photo finish there appears to be only one horse.
Undefeated in his three-year-old season, and with two legs of the Triple Crown won, Bold Venture bowed a tendon and was retired.
Audrey writes in her diary about listening to
his funeral on the radio and crying
The Funeral of King George V
Tuesday, 28th January 1936
George V was born on 3rd June 1865 at Marlborough House,
George V acceded to the throne upon the death of his father in 1910. It was George V who changed the official name of the monarchy to The House of Windsor in 1917, on July 17th. Their new name replaced the historic name of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha with its German connections which was no longer acceptable as the
George V died on 20th January 1936 at Sandringham,
July 8,1936 United Press news release
FIRST TELEVISION SHOW PUT ON IN
Special greenish images seen at a secret television show staged by the Radio Corporation of
The show, the first "planned" program ever transmitted in
Perfect atmospheric conditions helped the successful showing of the five-by-seven-inch scenes reflected in a mirror from a funnel-shaped cathode ray tube in a 33 tube receiving instrument.
Major General J. C. Harbord, chairman of the RCA board, and David Sarnoff, president, appeared in the first ephemeral-appearing scene. They told of the progress in television.
The program then turned to entertainment. A dancing chorus of twenty girls, a moving picture of a streamlined train, comely models from a large department store and actors were shown.
A radio industrialist who saw the show praised the engineers for their developement but said "It is a long way off before it reaches the home".
As many as 5,000 heat related deaths were reported. Many people suffered from heat stroke, and heat exhaustion, particularly the elderly. Unlike today, Air Conditioning was in the early stages of development and was therefore absent from houses and commercial buildings alike. Many of the deaths occurred in built up city areas of
This significant heat wave started in late June, when temperatures across the
July was the peak month, in which temperatures reached all-time record levels—many of which still stand as of 2008. In
August was the warmest month on record for five states. Many experienced long stretches of 90 °F (32 °C) or warmer. Drought conditions worsened in some locations. Some states were only slightly above average.
The heat wave and drought largely ended in September, though many states were still drier and warmer than average. Many farmers' summer harvests were destroyed. Grounds and lawns remained parched. Annual temperatures returned to normal in the fall.
The WAMPAS Baby Stars, a yearly selection of 13 promising starlets, was made by The Western Association of Motion Picture Advertisers. The chosen lucky thirteen were formally introduced at a coming-out party, known as the Frolic, an event covered by the media much like today's Academy Award ceremonies. Among the list are some
1932: Because of ties, WAMPAS presented no less than 15 "Babies" in 1932. Lillian Miles, Audrey’s friend, failed to show up (she was apparently getting married) and faced disqualification. Toshia Mori, the only non-Caucasian to be honored, earned the nod instead.
(Back row) Toshia Mori, Boots Mallory, Ruth Hall, Gloria Stuart, Patricia Ellis, Ginger Rogers, Lilian Bond, Evalyn Knapp, Marian Shockley.
(Front row) Dorothy Wilson, Mary Carlisle, Lona Andre, Eleanor Holm, Dorothy Layton.
March 2, 1915 – September 18, 1992
During the 1930s she appeared frequently in films, usually as the lead in "B" pictures, and by the end of the decade had starred in more than fifty films.
In June 1935, Andre eloped to
She was later married to salesman, James T. Bolling, and was divorced from him in March 1947.
In 1938 Andre set a world's golfing record for women by shooting 156 holes of golf in 11 hours and 56 minutes on the
Her acting career was greatly diminished during the 1940s, and she made her last film appearance in 1949 in “Two Knights From Brooklyn”. After her film career ended she became a successful businesswoman and never returned to acting.
She was interred in Forest Lawn Memorial Park Cemetery in
January 18, 1908 – January 25, 1991
She married three times, her first marriage being at the height of her career, to Sidney Smith. She married Smith in 1935, and the two divorced in 1944. Lilian later married Michael Fessier, a successful screen writer and producer. The two remained married until his death in 1988. She died in 1991, aged 83, from a heart attack, in Reseda,
February 3, 1912
The archetypal blonde, Mary Carlisle was brought to
She subsequently freelanced in eighteen movies, alternating between supporting and leading roles. She co-starred in three films with Bing Crosby: “College Humor”, “Double or Nothing” and “Doctor Rhythm”.
Mary Carlisle retired from films in 1942. Seven years later, she began a second career as the manager of the Elizabeth Arden Salon in
December 2, 1909 – October 1, 1987
May 20, 1916 - March 26, 1970
Ellis's first credited role was the following year, in the 1933 film, “The Kings Vacation”, starring George Arliss. With that film, her career took off, with her working steadily, starring mostly in lower budget B-movies, but still having her working steadily.
She would have roles in eight films in 1933, and another seven in 1934. She started 1935 off with “A Night at the Ritz”, in which she had the lead female role, opposite William Gargan. She would star in seven films that year, and another seven in 1936.
Starring alongside some of
She chose to retire by 1941, choosing to marry a successful businessman from
(Ruth Gloria Blasco Ibáñez)
December 29, 1910 – October 9, 2003
Ruth Hall was a
The film for which she was most remembered, she said, was the Marx Brothers' “Monkey Business” (1931), made when she was 20.
"The Marx Brothers liked the girls," she recalled. “I'd been warned to watch out for Chico Marx by [the actress] Judith Allen, who'd been practically in a sex attack with him, but it was Zeppo on this occasion who chased me about the
Hall's father, Walter Ibánez, was Spanish; her mother and grandmother were both from
Ruth made her screen début as an extra in Henry King's “
Hall made “Her Majesty, Love” (1931), with W.C. Fields, “Union Depot” (1932), with Douglas Fairbanks Jnr, and “Blessed Event” (1932), with Dick Powell and Mary Brian.
She dated numerous co-stars, notably Mervyn LeRoy, her director on “The Heart of New York” (1932), who would go on to produce “The Wizard of Oz” (1939). She also dated the actors Robert Young, Joel McCrea and Lyle Talbot.
Hall was frequently invited to
Her husband, whom she married in 1933, was Lee Garmes, a cinematographer who had won an Oscar the year before for “Shanghai Express” (he was to be nominated five times in all) and, in 1939, filmed the first hour of “Gone with the Wind”. After their marriage she began to lose interest in her career. The couple left
With the onset of war Hall and Garmes returned to
December 6,1913 – January 31, 2004
She made her Olympic début in 1928, taking fifth place in the 100m backstroke final when aged just 15. At the 1932 Olympics, Holm broke the world record in her heat and then won the final by nearly two seconds. Those Games were staged in
The daughter of a
By the time her ship docked at
Undeterred, she won hundreds of dollars playing dice with her journalist friends and partied again when the ship docked at
More than half the team petitioned Brundage to reverse the ban. He was unmoved. "I was everything that Avery Brundage hated," Holm said. But, in later years, she would thank him. "He made me famous. I would have been just another female backstroke swimmer without Brundage."
Instead of competing in
Following her divorce from Jarrett in 1938, Holm starred in “Tarzan's Revenge” alongside the 1936 Olympic decathlon gold medallist, Glenn Morris, before marriage to Billy Rose (the impresario who had previously been married to the comedienne Fanny Brice). With two other former Olympic swimming stars-turned-actors, Johnny Weissmuller and Buster Crabbe, Holm did 39 shows a week at Rose's Aquacade at the
Holm and Rose were divorced in 1954. She later married Tom Whalen, a retired oil executive, who died in 1984. "I don't swim any more, I just play tennis," she told The New York Times that year. "And I don't drink champagne any more. Just a little dry white wine."
(Evelyn Pauline Knapp)
June 17, 1906 – June 12, 1981
She married a physician, Dr. George A. Snyder in 1934. Following her retirement, she concentrated on her family. She and Snyder remained married until his death in 1977.
(Dorothy Ann Wannenwetsch)
August 13, 1912 - June 4, 2009
Patricia "Boots" Mallory
October 22, 1913 – December 1, 1958
The play told the story of a young unmarried woman involved in a love triangle who becomes pregnant. The finished film, however, strongly suggested a lesbian relationship between Mallory's character and the character played by ZaSu Pitts. Other sexual themes involving the character played by James Dunn were considered too daring. Fox executives brought in director Alfred L. Werker to drastically cut Von Stroheim's version and to shoot additional scenes. The film was finally released under the new title “Hello, Sister!” (1933) with little promotion and was not a success. Von Stroheim's original version was neither copyrighted nor released, and is considered lost. In 1932 her second completed film, “Handle with Care”, also co-starring James Dunn, was released and marked her debut.
A tall blonde, Mallory was well regarded for her striking looks and was photographed by such photographers as George Hurrell. However, she also posed for risque lingerie photographs, and was painted nude by the pin-up artist Rolf Armstrong.
Over the next few years, Mallory played the lead in several "B" pictures, including the Rin Tin Tin feature “The Wolf Dog” (1933), and received top-billing in “Carnival Lady” (1934) and “The Big Race” (1934). She worked with James Cagney in a radio production for Lux Radio Theatre, but she had difficulty breaking into more prestigious productions. She made her final film appearance in an uncredited role in the Laurel and Hardy film “Swiss Miss” (1938).
Mallory was first married at the age of sixteen, and by 1932 had married her second husband, film producer William Cagney, brother of actor James Cagney. She was married to actor Herbert Marshall from 1947 until her death from chronic throat disease in
January 1, 1912 – November 26, 1995
She began her film career in the late 1920s in silent films as a teenager. In “Mr. Wu” (1927) she was credited as Toshia Ichioka. In “Streets of Shanghai” (1927), she was credited as Toshiye Ichioka. In “The Man Without a Face” she was also credited as Toshiye Ichioka. (The film is presumed lost.) Finally, she entered the sound era as Toshia Mori.
She played Miss Ling, in “The Hatchet Man” (1932). In the same year, she played another Chinese character, "Butterfly", in the “Roar of the Dragon”. An action-melodrama produced by David O. Selznick.
In 1932, Toshia became the only Asian actress to be selected as a WAMPAS Baby Star because of Lillian Miles dropping out. The whole WAMPAS jamboree may have actually led to the most significant film role of her career. For shortly afterwards, she was in Frank Capra's film “The Bitter Tea of General Yen” (1933), playing a role which was scheduled for Anna May Wong at first. The script also featured a vital character, "Mah-Li", a concubine whose scheming throws a wrench into the plots and plans of those around her. Capra and Columbia Pictures, both extremely happy with her work, awarded her third billing. The final icing on the cake may have come from Time magazine's review: "Stanwyck is satisfactory … but the most noteworthy female member of the cast is Toshia Mori, a sloe-eyed Japanese girl…"
She returned to minor characters in her subsequent films, in “The Painted Veil” (1934), starring Greta Garbo, she materializes as the centerpiece of "The Moon Festival" sequence. In “Chinatown Squad” (1935) she played "Wanda" In the 1930s she married a Chinese-American from
After her film career ended, she worked as a researcher for Robert Ripley on his short films, “Ripley's Believe It or Not”. She died in The Bronx,
(Virginia Katherine McMath)
July 16, 1911 – April 25, 1995
During her long career, she made a total of 73 films, and is noted for her role as Fred Astaire's romantic interest and dancing partner in a series of ten Hollywood musical films that revolutionized the genre. She also achieved success in a variety of film roles, and won the Academy Award for Best Actress for her performance in “Kitty Foyle” (1940).
Rogers was born in Independence, Missouri, the daughter of William Eddins McMath and his wife Lela Emogene Owens (1891–1977).Ginger's parents separated soon after her birth, and she and her mother went to live with her grandparents, Walter and Saphrona (née Ball) Owens, in nearby Kansas City.
After the parents divorced,
As a teenager,
In her classic 1930s musicals with Astaire, Ginger Rogers not only was paid less than Fred (who also received 10% of the profits), but also less than many of the supporting actors. Like many actresses of the time, Ginger Rogers fought hard for her contract and salary rights, and for better films and scripts. She also found it necessary to fight for respect and dignity as an actress, and against the type casting as just a "dancing girl" that came with the territory in the studio system of the era. She succeeded in all these endeavors.
As an early
For many years,
October 10, 1911 — December 14, 1981
She continued auditioning for parts, receiving only one between 1934 and 1943. She played a small role in “Stage Door Canteen” (1943).
She would have a couple of television roles following that, and retired from acting in 1953. She was a sister in law to Stuart Erwin and actress June Collyer, and was married to actor Bud Collyer until his death in 1969, and with whom she had three children. She died on December 14, 1981, aged 70.
(Gloria Francis Stewart)
July 4, 1910 - September 2010
Over a Hollywood career that has spanned more than 70 years, Stuart appeared on stage, in television and film, and is best known for her roles as Claude Rains' sweetheart in “The Invisible Man” and as Old Rose in her Academy Award nominated role in the film “Titanic”.
On July 4th, 1910, Gloria Frances Stewart was born in
Frank Stewart had been appointed a judge and was about to take the bench when he was hit by a car and died.
Stuart was an activist and became a founding member of the Screen Actors Guild, but her career with Universal was disappointing. She moved to 20th Century Fox, and by the end of the decade had appeared in forty-two films, including Busby Berkeley's “Gold Diggers of 1935” and “Rebecca of Sunnybrook Farm”. Among the stars she appeared with were Melvyn Douglas, Lionel Barrymore, Dick Powell, Raymond Massey, Boris Karloff, and Shirley Temple. Stuart was a versatile female lead but was never given the roles that would make her a major star, a source of great frustration.
In 1934, Stuart and Newell divorced amicably and she married screenwriter Arthur Sheekman, one of the writers on “Roman Scandals”. Sheekman was Groucho Marx's best friend and was collaborating-sometimes without credit-on Marx Brothers movies. The Sheekmans' daughter, Sylvia, was born in 1935, and in 1939, both between commitments, Stuart convinced her husband they should travel around the world. When they reached
Then in 1954, with Sylvia away at
In 1975, after twenty-nine years away from acting, with her husband in a nursing home suffering from what was then called "pre-senile dementia," Gloria got herself an agent and hoped for work. Over the next few years she appeared in small parts in television but could not get a movie. Then in 1982 came an offer for a role as a gray-haired dowager taking a solitary turn around a dance floor with a gorgeous Peter O'Toole in “My Favorite Year”. Only a few minutes on the screen and no lines Gloria was still elegant and a beauty and O'Toole's eyes shimmer.
During this period, Gloria took up the Japanese art of bonsai, became the first Anglo member of the California Bonsai Society. And she began to travel again, going with friends or on her own to Europe,
Not long after Ritchie's death, Stuart landed the character of Old Rose, at the heart of James Cameron's epic “Titanic”. Stuart was among those nominated for an Academy Award, Golden Globe Award and Screen Actors Guild Award, and she was the oldest nominee ever for an Oscar.
Stuart published her autobiography, “I Just Kept Hoping”, in 1999, and received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame in 2000. Her last appearance on film was a role in Wim Wenders “
November 14, 1909 - January 7, 1998
While often taking notes for director Gregory La Cava, he noticed her and had her do a screen test for his upcoming 1932 film “The Age of Consent”. She won one of the two lead coed roles, placing her opposite Richard Cromwell. Her performance in the film received good reviews. She would go on to star opposite some of
She would star in twenty films between 1932 to 1937.
In 1936 she had married scriptwriter Lewis R. Foster, whom she had met while filming the 1934 movie “Eight Girls in a Boat”. Foster would win an Oscar for his script “Mr. Smith Goes to
She and Foster remained together, and raised a family of two children. She died in 1974. She never remarried, and was residing in